Greek and Roman Vocabulary

This slideshow teaches common terms from art and culture in ancient Greece and Rome.

1. Acropolis

A fortified hilltop or citadel in ancient Greek cities, often the site of major temples.

2. Amphitheater

A large circular or oval open-air venue with raised seating, used for public spectacles such as gladiator fights in ancient Rome.

3. Doric

One of the three orders of ancient Greek architecture, characterized by heavy fluted columns with plain, saucer-shaped capitals and no base.

4. Ionic

One of the three orders of ancient Greek architecture, characterized by slender fluted pillars and a large base, with volutes (scroll-like ornaments) in the capital.

5. Corinthian

The last developed of the three principal classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. The Corinthian order is characterized by a slender fluted column having an ornate capital decorated with two rows of acanthus leaves and four scrolls.

6. Fresco

A technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid lime plaster, used in both Greek and Roman art.

7. Hellenistic

Relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 BC.

8. Mosaic

Art made by arranging small pieces of stone, glass, or other materials into a decorative pattern, commonly used in Greek and Roman art.

9. Pediment

The triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style, typically surmounting a portico of columns.

10. Stoicism

An ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium. The school taught that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge; the wise live in harmony with divine Reason (also identified with Fate and Providence) that governs nature, and are indifferent to the vicissitudes of fortune and to pleasure and pain.

11. Tragedy

A type of drama that originated in ancient Greece and deals with the downfall of a heroic or noble character.

12. Forum

A public square or marketplace used for judicial and other business in the heart of a Roman city.

Processing ... Please wait