Ancient Roman Architecture made advances in durability and strength.
The video provides an overview of Roman architecture, highlighting its key characteristics and innovations. The Romans improved upon Greek architectural techniques and made significant advancements in engineering, sanitation, and technology. The video identifies four key components of Roman architecture: the arch, the vault, the dome, and the use of concrete. The Romans perfected the use of the arch, which was structurally sound, durable, and efficient. This can be seen in the Roman aqueducts and the Coliseum. Vaults, which are like long intersecting arches, were also commonly used. The Romans achieved a major engineering feat with the perfection of the dome, with the Pantheon in Rome having the largest dome in the world for over a thousand years. The Romans also advanced in building materials, particularly with the use of concrete. They made it harder by adding a binding agent called pozzolana, which is volcanic ash. This harder concrete gave architects more freedom and has helped Roman architecture to stand for hundreds of years. The video concludes by noting that these innovations have inspired generations of architects.