This video gives an overview of how art is used in Buddhism.
The video discusses the historical spread and artistic representations of Buddhism. Originating in India around the 6th century BCE, Buddhism spread to Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan, and Tibet through trade routes such as the Silk Road. Today, Buddhism has approximately 350 million followers worldwide. The core teachings of Buddhism revolve around the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, which guide individuals towards Nirvana or enlightenment. Buddhist art plays a significant role in visualizing these teachings. The art includes depictions of the Buddha, recalling moments from his life, and various symbols such as the lotus for purity. In Mahayana Buddhism, which is more widespread in Central Asia and East Asia, there is a belief in numerous deities, and art includes complex diagrams called mandalas, as well as depictions of Bodhisattvas, who are enlightened beings that postpone their own enlightenment to help others. Tibetan Buddhism includes female counterparts called Shaktis and wrathful deities known as Vidya Rajas. Buddhist art varies across regions and takes various forms including books, scrolls, sculptures, and sand art. It serves not only as a religious tool but also as a testament to the skill, imagination, and devotion of the artists.